Polizia di stato

The Italian Forensic Police Service


The Italian Forensic Police Service, Servizio Polizia Scientifica, is one of the four Services of the Central Anti-Crime Directorate, Direzione Centrale Anticrimine (DCA), together with Central Operative Service, Servizio Centrale Operativo (SCO), Territory Control Service, Servizio Controllo Territorio (SCT), and Central Anti-Crime Service, Servizio Centrale Anticrimine (SCA).

The headquarters of Italian National Forensic Police is located in Rome. Fourteen Regional and Interregional Units of Forensic Police, Gabinetti Regionali/Interregionali di Polizia Scientifica,  have been established in the main Italian towns, with either Interregional (Turin, Padua, Ancona, Rome and Naples) or Regional (Genoa, Milan, Bologna, Florence, Cagliari, Bari, Reggio Calabria, Palermo and Catania) jurisdiction.

In addition, 89 Provincial Forensic Police Offices, Gabinetti Provinciali di Polizia Scientifica, have been located in Provincial  Police Headquarters, Questure, and  198 Local Forensic Police Offices, Posti di Segnalamento e Documentazione, have been located in Police Stations, Commissariati.

The Italian National Forensic Police conducts investigations in several fields of forensic science (genetics, drugs, explosives, flammables, latent fingerprints, false documents examination, fibre and paint analysis, ballistics, gunshot residue, digital forensics and more). It supports criminal investigation performing forensic analysis as well as videotaping during public order events. In the field of personal identification, the Italian National Forensic Police manages the Italian A.F.I.S. and all the other fingerprinting activities, including the activities related to the emergency of migration flows arriving from North Africa.

The Italian Forensic Police Service and its Regional and interregional Units are certified ISO 9001:2015; Moreover according to the Scientific Community some Proof Methods are further accredited ISO/IEC 17025:2005.

In order to work in the Italian Forensic Police it is mandatory for the Police Officer to receive a specialized training in crime scene investigation techniques, fingerprinting procedures and dactyloscopic analysis together with specialized training in video and foto documentation during public order events (e.g. political protests, strike or industrial disputes, community disorders, etc.). Periodically the Italian Forensic Police Service organizes four-month courses for selection and training of Police Officers.

Police Officers who are deemed to present the required relevant operational and academic expertise, either in the investigation field or in forensic sciences (such as legal medicine, biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, computer science) may also have access to the Forensic Police.

Central Anti-Crime Directorate